# ANSYS 12 - Beam

Author: Rajesh Bhaskaran & Yong Sheng Khoo, Cornell University

Under Construction

The following ANSYS tutorial is under construction.

#### Problem Specification

Consider the beam in the figure below. There are two point forces acting on the beam in the negative y direction as shown. Note the dimensions of the beam. The Young's modulus of the material is 73 GPa and the Poisson ratio is 0.3. We'll assume that plane stress conditions apply.

Go to Step 1: Pre-Analysis & Start-Up

See and rate the complete Learning Module

Go to all ANSYS Learning Modules

Author: Rajesh Bhaskaran & Yong Sheng Khoo, Cornell University

## Step 1: Pre-Analysis & Start-Up

#### Start ANSYS Workbench

We start our simulation by first starting the ANSYS workbench.

Start > All Programs > ANSYS 12.1 > Workbench

Following figure shows the workbench window.

At the left hand side of the workbench window, you will see a toolbox full of various analysis systems. In the middle, you see an empty work space. This is the place where you will organize your project. At the bottom of the window, you see messages from ANSYS.

#### Select Analysis Systems

Select Analysis System Demo

Since our problem involves static analysis, we will select the Static Structural (ANSYS) component on the left panel.
Left click (and hold) on Static Structural (ANSYS), and drag the icon to the empty space in the Project Schematic.

Since we selected Static Structural (ANSYS), each cell of the system corresponds to a step in the process of performing the ANSYS Structural analysis. Right click on Static Structural ANSYS and Rename the project to Beam.

Now, we just need to work out each step from top down to get to the results for our solution.

• We start by preparing our geometry
• We use geometry to generate a mesh
• We setup the physics of the problem
• We run the problem in the solver to generate a solution
• Finally, we post process the solution to gain insight into the results

#### Specify Material Properties

We will first specify the material properties of the crank. The material has an Young's modulus E=2.8x107 psi and Poisson's ratio ν=0.3.

In the Crank cell, double click on Engineering Data. This will bring you to a new page. The default material given is Structural Steel. We will use this material and change the Young's modulus and Poisson's ratio.

Left click on Structural Steel once and you will see the details of Structural Steel material properties under Properties of Outline Row 3: Structural Steel. Expand Isotropic Elasticity, change Young's Modulus and Poisson's Ratio to E=7.9e10 pa and ν=0.3. Remember to check that you use the correct unit.

Higher Resolution Window

See and rate the complete Learning Module

Go to all ANSYS Learning Modules

Author: Rajesh Bhaskaran & Yong Sheng Khoo, Cornell University

## Step 2: Geometry

At Workbench, in the Beam cell, right click on Geometry, and select Properties. You will see the properties menu on the right of the Workbench window. Under Basic Geometry Options, select Line Bodies. This is because we are going to create a line geometry.

In the Project Schematic, double left click on Geometry to start preparing the geometry.

At this point, a new window, ANSYS Design Modeler will be opened. You will be asked to select desired length unit. Use the default meter unit and click OK.

#### Creating a Sketch

Like any other common CAD modeling practice, we start by creating a sketch.

Start by creating a sketch on the XYPlane. Under Tree Outline, select XYPlane, then click on Sketching next to Modeling tab. This will bring up the Sketching Toolboxes.

Note: In sketching mode, there is Undo features that you can use if you make any mistake.

Select Sketching Toolboxes Demo

On the right, there is a Graphic window. At the lower right hand corner of the Graphic window, click on the +Z axis to have a normal look of the XY Plane.

Select Normal View Demo

In the Sketching Toolboxes, select Line. In the Graphics window, create three rough lines from starting from the origin in the positive XY direction (Make sure that you see a letter P at the origin and at each connection between the lines. The letter P the geometry is constrained at the point.)
You should have something like this:

Note: You do not have to worry about dimension for now, we can dimension them properly in the later step.

#### Dimensions

Under Sketching Toolboxes, select Dimensions tab, use the default dimensioning tools. Dimension the geometry as shown:

Under Details View on the lower left corner, input the value for dimension appropriately.
H1: 0.1 m
H2: 0.2 m
H3: 0.1 m

We are done with sketching.

#### Create Surface

Now that we have the sketch done, we can create a line body for this sketch.

Concept > Lines From Sketches

This will create a new line Line1. Under Details View, select Sketch1 as Base Objects and click Apply. Finally click Generate to generate the surface. This is what you should see under your Tree Outline.

#### Create Cross Section

We will now add a cross section to the line body.

Concept > Cross Section > Rectangular

Under Details View, input value as follow:

B - 0.05m

H - 1m

Finally, under expand the Line Body
Outline > 1 Part, 1 Body > Line Body
And attach Rect1 to Cross Section under Details View.

We are done with geometry. You can close the Design Modeler and go back to Workbench (Don't worry, it will auto save).

Go to Step 3: Mesh

See and rate the complete Learning Module

Go to all ANSYS Learning Modules

Author: Rajesh Bhaskaran & Yong Sheng Khoo, Cornell University

## Step 3: Mesh

Save your work in Workbench window. In the Workbench window, right click on Mesh, and click Edit. A new ANSYS Mesher window will open.

Use the default mesh. Under Outline, right click on Mesh and click Generate Mesh. This should be the mesh appear in the Graphics window.

Go to Step 4: Setup (Physics)

See and rate the complete Learning Module

Go to all ANSYS Learning Modules

Author: Rajesh Bhaskaran & Yong Sheng Khoo, Cornell University

## Step 4: Setup (Physics)

We need to specify point BC's at A, B, C and D.

Outline > Static Structural (A5) > Insert > Remote Displacement
Select point A in the Graphics window and click Apply next to Geometry under Details of "Remote Displacement". Enter 0 for all UX, UY, UZ, ROTX and ROTY except for ROTZ. Let ROTZ to be free.

Let's move on to setting up boundary condition B.
Outline > Static Structural (A5) > Insert > Remote Displacement
Select point B in the Graphics window and click Apply next to Geometry under Details of "Displacement 2". Enter 0 for all UY, UZ, ROTX and ROTY except for ROTZ. Let UX and ROTZ to be free.

We can move on to setting up point force at point C and D.

Outline > Static Structural (A5) > Insert > Force

Select point C in the Graphics window and click Apply next to Geometry under Details of "Force". Next to Define By, change Vector to Components. Enter -4000 for Y Component.

Do the same for point D.

Check that you have for all the boundary conditions. Click on Static Structural (A5) to view this in Graphics window.

Higher Resolution Image

Go to Step 5: Solution

See and rate the complete Learning Module

Go to all ANSYS Learning Modules

Author: Rajesh Bhaskaran & Yong Sheng Khoo, Cornell University

## Step 5: Solution

Now that we have set up the boundary conditions, we can actually solve for a solution. Before we do that, let's take a minute to think about what is the post-processing that we are interested in. We are interested in the deflection and bending stress on the beam. We would also like to look at the force and moment reaction at our support A and B. Let's set up those post-processing parameters before we click solve button.

Outline > Solution (A6) > Insert > Total Deformation

Next let's insert beam tool that will enable us to look at the stresses on the beam.

Outline > Solution (A6) > Insert > Beam Tool > Beam Tool

We would also like to look at the Force Reaction at point A and B.

Outline > Solution (A6) > Insert > Probe > Force Reaction

Select Remote Displacement (which is point A) next to Boundary Condition under Details of "Force Reaction".

Do the same step for Remote Displacement 2 (point B).
Next we will like to check and see that the moment at point A and B is zero.
Outline > Solution (A6) > Insert > Probe > Moment Reaction
Select Remote Displacement (which is point A) next to Boundary Condition under Details of "Moment Reaction".

Do the same step for Remote Displacement 2 (point B).
We are done setting up all the results. Click Solve at the top menu to obtain a solution. Wait for a minute for the solution.

Go to Step 6: Results

See and rate the complete Learning Module

Go to all ANSYS Learning Modules

• No labels