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Step 6: Analyze Results
Plot Velocity Vectors
Let's plot the velocity vectors obtained from the FLUENT solution.
Display > Vectors
Under Color by, select Mach Number in place of Velocity Magnitude since the former is of greater interest in compressible flow. The colors of the velocity vectors will indicate the Mach number. Use the default settings by clicking Display.
This draws an arrow at the center of each cell. The direction of the arrow indicates the velocity direction and the magnitude is proportional to the velocity magnitude (not Mach number, despite the previous setting). The color indicates the corresponding Mach number value. The arrows show up a little more clearly if we reduce their lengths. Change Scale to 0.2. Click Display.
Zoom in a little using the middle mouse button to peer more closely at the velocity vectors.
We can see the flow turning through an oblique shock wave as expected. Behind the shock, the flow is parallel to the wedge and the Mach number is 2.2. Save this figure to a file:
Main Menu > File > Hardcopy
Select JPEG and Color. Uncheck Landscape Orientation. Save the file as
wedge_vv.jpg in your working directory. Check this iimage by opening this file in an image viewer.
Let's investigate how many mesh cells it takes for the flow to turn. Turn on the mesh by clicking on the Draw Grid checkbox in the Vectors menu. In the Grid Display menu that pops up, click Display. This displays the mesh in the graphics window. Close the Grid Display menu. Click Display in the Vectors menu. Zoom in further as shown below.
We see that it takes 2-3 mesh cells for the flow to turn. According to inviscid theory, the shock is a discontinuity and the flow should turn instantly. In the FLUENT results, the shock is "smeared" over 2-3 cells. In the discrete equations that FLUENT solves, there are terms that act like viscosity. This introduced viscosity contributes to the smearing. A more thorough explanation would have to go into the details of the numerical solution procedure.
Plot Mach Number Contours
Let's take a look at the Mach number variation in the flowfield.
Display > Contours
Under Contours of, choose Velocity.. and Mach Number. Select the Filled option. Increase the number of contour levels plotted: set Levels to
We see that the Mach number behind the shockwave is uniform and equal to 2.2. Compare this to the corresponding analytical result.
Plot Pressure Coefficient Contours
Let's set the reference values necessary to calculate the pressure coefficient.
Report > Reference Values
Select farfield under Compute From.
The above reference values of density, velocity and pressure will be used to calculate the pressure coefficient from the pressure. Click OK.
Display > Contours...
Select Pressure... and Static Pressure from under Contours Of. Then select Pressure Coeffient.
The pressure coefficient after the shockwave is 0.293, very close to the theoretical value of 0.289. The pressure increases after the shockwave as we would expect.
Go to Step 7: Verify Results