# FLUENT - Particles in a Periodic Double Shear Flow

Author(s): Chiyu Jiang, Mohamed Houssem Kasbaoui, Dr. Donald L. Koch, Cornell University

# Particles in a Periodic Double Shear Layer

Created using ANSYS 15.0

## Learning Goals

In this tutorial, you will learn:

• Some of the fundamental aspects of particulate laden flows
• How to load a flow field initial condition from a file using User Defined Function (UDF).
• How to use Discrete Phase Model (DPM) to simulate particles in a flow.
• How to define particle injection using an injection file / Create injection files using MATLAB codes.
• How to visualize particle flow in CFD-Post.

## Problem Specification

In this tutorial, we study a case of particle laden flows. The purpose is to illustrate some of the complex interactions between the fluid phase and a dispersed particle phase using commercially available tools. For this purpose, we study a 2D-periodic double shear layer with disseminated particles as shown bellow:

Figure 1. Initial setup for the problem.

A mixing layer is a flow where two parallel streams flow at different velocities, resulting in a non-zero velocity gradient. In the absence of any perturbation, a mixing layer diffuses under the action of viscosity to the mean value of top and bottom velocities. However, in a real life situation, the flow is subject to random perturbations, which causes it to destabilize and forms vorticies. The most potent perturbation can be computed using the Orr-Sommerfeld equation [1]. In this tutorial, we provide the Orr-Sommerfeld mode as an initial condition to the flow.

In the presence of particles, the vorticies that result from the unstable perturbations offer interesting interactions with the suspended particles. In a general sense, "light" particles get trapped in the flow vorticies, while "heavier" particles carrying more inertia might get expelled under a centrifugal-type force from the swirling regions to gather along stretching regions of the flow [2,3]. This effect is known as preferential concentration and is illustrated in the following sketch:

Figure 2. Preferential concentration mechanism: particles gather along stretching regions and get expelled from vortical regions.

Formal definitions, and a thorough discussion is provided in the Pre-Analysis section.

Go to Step 1: Pre-Analysis & Start-Up

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