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Background: Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Braenderup (antigenic formula 6,7,14:e,h:e,n,z15) is a serovar of the O:7 (C1) serogroup. S. Braenderup is the 10th most common serovar among human cases in the U.S. However, Salmonella Braenderup is found in low percentage (>1%) in animals in the U.S. One report identified that serovar Braenderup can penetrate the eggs of turtles. To subtype S. Braenderup, a phage typing scheme was created in the U.K.

Animal reservoir: Potential reservoirs for serovar Braenderup are cattle, chicken and turtles. However, isolation from these sources are sporadic.

Geographical distribution: S. Braenderup is widely distributed, countries with reports of this serovar included countries in North America (U.S. and Canada), Latin America (Colombia, Cuba, Venezuela), Europe (Greece, Austria, U.K), and Asia (China, South Korea, Japan, Taiwan).

Outbreaks: Multiple outbreaks linked to S. Braenderup have been reported; in most of these outbreaks, the associated food was produce.

Year

Location

Associated source

Number of cases

2018US-multistateShell Eggs45

2012

US-multistate

Mangoes

127

2011

England

Iceberg lettuce

29

2008

Japan

Lunch boxes

176

2005

US-multistate

Tomatoes

82

2004

US-multistate

Tomatoes

125

2001

US-Wisconsin

Chicken

21

1993

Switzerland

Meat pie

215

*multiple serovars were included in this outbreak

Relevant links and references:

  1. http://www.cdc.gov/salmonella/braenderup-08-12/index.html
  2. http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/21916661
  3. http://europepmc.org/articles/PMC547744/
  4. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21519363
  5. https://www.cdc.gov/salmonella/braenderup-04-18/index.html
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